Applications to consolidate multiple suits are filed, amongst others, to “save cost, time and effort, and to make the conduct of several actions more convenient by treating them as one action.”
Consolidation applications in the High Court and Subordinate Courts are governed by Order 4 of the Rules of Court 2012.
Order 4 Rule 1(2) and (3) of the Rules of Court 2012 provides the following:
“(2) An order for consolidation shall be made in Form 1 and shall direct that the cause or matter in which the application is made shall be carried on as or under such other cause or matter and that the title of such other cause or matter be amended by adding thereto the title of the cause or matter in which the application is made.
(3) Upon such order being made, the file of the cause or matter in which the application is made shall be transferred to and added to the file of such other cause or matter, and the copy of the order shall be left in place of the file so transferred, and a memorandum of the transfer shall be entered in the cause book against the cause or matter so consolidated.” (Emphasis mine)
Case law reveals that consolidation applications in the High Court and Subordinate Courts have been filed in:
i. The suit intended to be the main suit – for example, see Ahmad Amryn bin Abd Malek & Ors v Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad  MLJU 1576, Five Star Heritage Sdn Bhd v Nai Ninn Sararaksh & Anor  MLJU 1666, and Sarawak Securities Sdn. Bhd. v Gerard Ding Sing Dac & Ors  MLJU 403; and
ii. The suit intended to be consolidated into the main suit – for example, see Selinsing Mining Sdn Bhd v Selinsing Gold Mine Manager Sdn Bhd & Ors  MLJU 1201, Ng Joo Soon @ Nga Ju Soon v Devechem Holdings (M) Sdn Bhd And Ors  MLJU 1854.
The former approach, however, is incorrect and is a common error.
The filing a consolidation application in the suit intended to be the main suit, is contrary to the wording of Order 4 Rule 1(2) and (3) of the Rules of Court 2012.